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William Philip Greenaway Windeatt - Plasterer to Porter


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William P. G. WINDEATT = Selina JARMAN (married 1839)
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 William Robert   John    Frederick   Selina   Alfred   Ann   Emma   Mary Ann   Elizabeth   Sarah Ellen  Louisa  Henry
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Born in Horrabridge on West Dartmoor in 1816, he moved with his parents and their large family to Exeter when he was about six or seven.  The St. Sidwell's area of Exeter was experiencing a house-building boom at the time and his father and brothers, who were masons, plasterers, helliers (slaters/roofers) and painters, probably helped build the new houses that were going up. 

William met Selina JARMAN there, perhaps through her brothers who were also in the building trade (see the census transcription below). William and Selina were married in 1839 and went on to have a dozen children, nine of whom survived into adulthood.  Three were boys who passed on the family name and have descendants.

William and Selina's second son, John, went to Manchester in the early 1860s and was eventually followed there by most of the rest of the family (although he, himself, returned to Devon).  William and Selina are buried Weaste cemetery in Salford:  see the tombstone below and a death certificate transcription at the bottom of the page.

Parents & Siblings

Spouse - Selina JARMAN (?1818-1891)

William (who was probably called Bill) married Selina JARMAN  in 1839 - see transcription below.

Selina Windeatt (nee JARMAN) with her daughter, Selina SNOW (nee WINDEATT).  Taken in Manchester, possibly just before Selina's marriage to Richard SNOW in 1876?  This photograph was kindly supplied by a descendant.


In 1839 William and Selina were living on Butcher Row when their first son William Robert was born just four and a half months after the marriage.  This was not unusual at a time when betrothal was still the more important ceremony.

JARMAN is spelled variously as GERMAN, JERMYN, JERMAN and is said to derive from the first name of GERMAIN which was popular in the early middle ages.  GERMAIN was the name of the saint commemorated in the Paris street, St-Germain-des-Prés.  See Patron Saints index.

The Butcherow

The Butcher Row, Exeter drawn by T.M.Baynes, 1833
© Copyright Devon County Council, 2002
.

Selina was the daughter of  James JARMAN, a butcher of Butcher Row, Exeter (also known as Smythen St.).  The Butcher Row (pictured below) was certainly not a nice place to live a few years earlier. In 1832 there was an outbreak of cholera in the city and the street was singled out as a place of slaughter-houses and "putrid heaps of offal" (Shapter, 1832).

Selina's father, James the butcher, died in 1833 so it is possible that he, himself, was a cholera victim.

William & Selina's twelve children

1. William Robert(1839-87)

William Robert WINDEATT joined the Royal Marines and moved down to Plymouth where he married and lived for the rest of his life.   He doesn't appear to have had much to do with the rest of the family - certainly none of them appear as witnesses or informants on any of his family's birth, death or marriage certificates.  This is in contrast to the other family members who, despite moving around the country,appear to have kept up links with each other.  At times I have wondered if this William, the Royal Marine,  could be the son of some other William Windeatt?  There is only a very slight chance that this is the case but I am keeping an open mind in case some other evidence turns up. 


2. John(?1841-90)

We have not been able to find a birth certificate for John.  Perhaps he did not have one?  It wasn't made a punishable offence until the 1870s.  Or, more likely, his birth has been omitted or mistranscribed in the index.  We know he exists, however, from his appearance in the 1851 census. John moved to Manchester in the early 1860s but moved back to Devon later.


3. Frederick(1843-4)

Again no birth certificate for Frederick, but like his cousin Edwin Arthur the previous year, he died of measles while still an infant.  Given the poor, insanitary conditions in this part of Exeter at this time it is remarkable that most of William and Selina's other children survived to adulthood.

Death in the District of St. David, Exeter - 1844

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of Death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
6th November  1844, Butcherow, St. George, St. David's, Exeter Frederick WINDEATT Male 1 year and half Son of William WINDEATT, a Plasterer Measles Emma JERMAN* present at the death
Butcherow 
6/11/1844

Emma was Selina's younger sister.  William and Selina were probably still living with her parents in Butcherow at this time.


4. Selina(1845-?)

Again no birth certificate but she appears in the 1851, 61 and 71 census records living with her parents.  She was getting on a bit when she did marry and I suspect that it was arranged by her brother John who was also working as a coal merchant at the time.  My theory is that he knew Richard SNOW and recommended his sister to him when he was looking for a second wife. We think this is a photo of Selina - see the full photo above.  It was taken in Manchester probably in the mid 1870s -  perhaps just before her marriage to Richard SNOW in 1876?

 1876 Marriage Certificate - Parish Church of St. Thomas, Devon

READ FIRST
Date Name & Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of Marriage Father's Name and Forename Rank or profession of Father Witnesses
25/3/1876 Richard SNOW 29 Widower Coal Merchant Cowick Road William SNOW  Deceased William Windeatt

Bessie Windeatt

Selina WINDEATT 30 Spinster - Cowick Road William WINDEATT Messenger

Selina and Richard had at least one child, Annie Selina SNOW, who married a George William SILLICK and had issue.  This information and the photo were kindly supplied by a descendant.  I am not sure who the witnesses were.  It could have been her father and her sister, Elizabeth.  Or it could have been her brother, William Robert, and his wife Elizabeth.


5. Alfred(1847-50)

Again no birth certificate but we have a record of his death.

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of Death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
7th July 1850, 5 Summerland Terrace, Exeter Alfred WINDEATT Male 3 years Son of William WINDEATT, a Porter Pertussis 2 weeks
 Pneumonia 4 days
Certified
W. WINDEATT present at the death
5 Summerland Terrace, Exeter 
Ninth July 1850

6. Ann(1849-57)

Again no birth certificate but a record of her death in the district of St. Sidwell, Exeter in 1857.  Ann's sister, Selina, called her daughter Ann, perhaps in memory of this little girl who died when Selina was 12?

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of Death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
28/5/57
Summerland Terrace, Exeter
Ann WINDEATT female 8 years Daughter of William WINDEATT, Porter Phthisis*
6 months Certified
X The mark of Honor CHAPMAN present at the death
Stepcote Hill 
31/10/1843

*Phthisis: a term used for a wasting disease - usually pulmonary TB.  


7. Emma(1851-1906)

No birth certificate but we know when she was born from the census.  We also have her marriage certificate and we know when she died from the gravestone (see above).  She had at least one daughter, Louisa, who died aged three.

1878 Marriage Certificate - Parish Church of St. Mathew, Weaste in the County of Lancaster

READ FIRST
Date Name & Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of Marriage Father's Name and Forename Rank or profession of Father Witnesses
30/7/78 Charles Christopher READ 27 Bachelor Police Constable 6 Garibaldi St William READ  Saddler William Henry MARTON 

Alice MARTON

Emma WINDEATT 27 Spinster - 6 Garibaldi St William Robert WINDEATT Gardener

There are some strange anomalies on this certificate.  William Robert WINDEATT was not her father's correct name and, as far as we know, he wasn't a gardener.  However, we know she must have been William Philip Greenaway WINDEATT's daughter because she is buried in the same grave!  She probably got this information from her sister Mary Ann (see below) who has given the same information on her marriage certificate.


8. Mary Ann(1852-?)

Again no birth certificate but she was living with them, aged 8, in the 1861 census.  And on Selina's death certificate a Mary A. PREECE, daughter, was the informant.  This must be her marriage:

1873 Marriage Certificate - Parish Church, Prestwich in the County of Lancaster

READ FIRST
Date Name & Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of Marriage Father's Name and Forename Rank or profession of Father Witnesses
23/12/1873 Edwin PREECE full Bachelor Attendant at Asylum Prestwich John PREECE Labourer Charles PREECE

Emma WINDEATT

Mary Ann WINDEATT full Spinster Attendant at Asylum Prestwich William Robert WINDEATT Gardener

(GRO reference: 8d 755)

There are a couple of anomalies on this certificate.  William Robert WINDEATT is her brother:  William Philip Greenaway was her father.  Perhaps she just knew her dad as 'Bill' and assumed her father's full name was the same as that of her eldest brother.   It wouldn't have been easy to ask him as William and Selina were probably still down in Exeter.  But why did she say he was a gardener?  Perhaps he did a bit of gardening as part of his portering job at the female penitentiary?  Or as a between job when she last lived at home?

Mary Ann's elder brother, John, was working in the same Lunatic Asylum five years earlier.  Probaly, he got her the job?


9. Elizabeth (1854-1881)

Birth in the District of St. Sidwell, Exeter - 1854

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Name and Surname of Father Name, surname and maiden surname of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
24th September 1854
5 Summerland Terrace
Elizabeth Girl William WINDEATT Selina WINDEATT formerly JERMAN Plasterer Selina WINDEATT
Mother
5 Summerland Terrace, Exeter
27th Octber 1854

Death in the Eastern Sub District of Exeter - 1881

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of Death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
23rd February, 1881
8 Paragon Place, South Street, USD
Elizabeth WINDEATT Female 26 years Servant Fibro Cystic Tumour of Neck Tuberculosis Certified by Arthur KEMPE LRCP MRCS Selina WINDEATT
Mother
present at the death 
2 Penitentiary Court, Holloway Street, Exeter. 
25th February 1881


10. (Sarah) Ellen (1857-?)

Sarah Ellen WINDEATT (known as Ellen WINDEATT) was born on 26th September 1957 in Summerland Terrace, St. Sidwell, where the family was living at the time.  We are not quite sure whom she was named after but Sarah was the name of a paternal great-aunt.  However, this first name was soon dropped and she appears to have always been known as Ellen (and probably called Nellie).

Birth in the District of St. Sidwell, Exeter, 1857

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Name and Surname of Father Name, surname and maiden surname of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
26/09/1857
Summerland Terrace
Sarah Ellen girl William WINDEATT Selina WINDEATT formerly JARMAN Plasterer Selina WINDEATT
Mother
Summerland Terrace, Exeter
2nd November, 1857

And here she is, listed as Ellen, in the 1861, 1871 and later census transcriptions.  

Ellen was one of the several in this family who moved up to the Manchester area and worked as a Lunatic Asylum attendant up there (as did her brother, John and two of her sisters, Louisa and Mary Ann. 

She married twice to Sidney ROBINSON and then to John COOKE:


11. Louisa (1859-93)

Birth in the District of St. Sidwell, Exeter, 1859

READ FIRST
When & Where Name Sex Name and Surname of Father Name, surname and maiden surname of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
9th June 1859
Paris Street
Louisa Girl William WINDEATT Selina WINDEATT formerly JERMAN Porter at Female Penitentiary Selina WINDEATT
Mother
Paris Street, Exeter
13th July, 1859


1881 Census (taken 3rd April) © Crown Copyright

Here are Louisa and her older sister Ellen both working as Attendants at the Manchester Royal Lunatic Asylum, Stockport, Cheshire along with nine other Attendants and fourteen domestic servants of one kind or another.  All female and mostly unmarried (  [RG11/3485/98/3].

Name Relationship Mar Age Sex Birthplace Occupation
. . .six others . . . Atendant          
Louise WINDEAT Attendant U 22 F Exeter, Devon Attendant on the Insane (Hospital)
. . .three others . . . Attendant          
Ellen WINDEAT Attendant U 24 F Exeter, Devon Attendant on the Insane (Hospital)
 . . . 14 others Dom Serv          

1893 Marriage in the Edgely Weslyan Chapel in the district of Stockport in the Counties of Stockport, Chester and Lancaster

READ FIRST
Date Name & Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of Marriage Father's Name and Forename Rank or profession of Father Witnesses
29/7/93 Richard HOROBIN 25 Bachelor Attendant at an Asylum Royal Asylum Cheadle Abraham HOROBIN  General Labourer Henry WINDEATT 

M.A. PREECE

Louisa WINDEATT 29 Spinster - Royal Asylum Cheadle William Philip Greenway WINDEATT
(deceased) 
Retired Draper

Another instance of white lies at the alter.  Like her sister, Ellen, Louisa has taken a few years off her age.  She must have been 32!  

The father's Christian names are correct on this certificate - but "retired draper"?  There is a 'retired draper' in the family but his name was John, not William and he doesn't appear to have had a daughter called Louisa. So this seems a little fanciful?  The witnesses were her brother, Henry, and sister, Mary Ann.

We now know from a declaration by her brother, Henry, in 1911 that Louisa had no children with Richard HOROBIN.  She was, however, staying with him and her sister Ellen in 1911.

We don't know why they were having a family reunion at this time.


12. Henry (1861-1924)

Henry was, as far as we know, William and Selina's twelfth and last child.  Selina would have been about 40 when he was born.  Henry moved up to Salford as well and his father William was living in the same house as Henry and his wife when he died in 1890.  Henry bought the grave plot two days later. 


Marriage Certificate Transcriptions

Marriage solemnized by Banns in the Parish of St. Leonard in the County of Devon

READ FIRST
Date Name & Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of Marriage Father's Name and Forename Rank or profession of Father Witnesses
16/06/1839 William Philip Greenaway WINDEATT full Bachelor Plasterer St. Leonards John WINDEATT Plasterer George Windeatt

Emma JERMAN

Selina JERMAN full Spinster Sempstress St. Leonards James JERMAN Butcher

Both bride and groom and the witnesses signed the certificate.  George was William's older brother and Emma was Selina's younger sister.


Census Transcriptions

1841

Here they are living in "Smithen Street or Butcherow" with Selina's widowed mother, Ann.

Name Age Occupation Born in County DOB?
Ann JARMAN 42 Nurse Yes 1798
James JARMAN 20 Carpenter Yes 1820
George JARMAN 19 Stone Mason Yes 1821
Emma JARMAN 17 - Yes 1823
William JARMAN 12 Printers A. Yes 1828
Living in the same house but recorded as a different household
William WINDEATT 24 Plasterer Yes 1816
Sarah* WINDEATT 22 - No 1818
William WINDEATT 18m. - Yes 1839

HO/107 266/16 Folio 8, Page 7

*Sarah:  The census enumerator has mistranscribed her name.  And, although I have no record of Selina's baptism, I doubt if she was born outside the county?


1851 (taken 30th March)

By 1851, they had moved to 5 Summerland Terrace, St. Sidwell's, Exeter and William had changed his profession.  Had the building trade slumped and the family been forced to change jobs?  Most of them had moved from building to service professions by this date.  William's parents and other brothers and sisters had moved to the coast (West Teignmouth or Torquay) but William and his older brother, George, stayed in Exeter.

Name Relationship Mar Age Sex Occupation Birthplace DOB?
William WINDEAT Head M 34 M Porter Horrabridge-DEV 1816
Selina WINDEAT Wife M 32 F Seamstress Exeter-DEV 1818
William WINDEAT Son - 11 M Scholar Exeter-DEV 1839
John WINDEAT Son - 10 M Scholar Exeter-DEV 1840
Selina WINDEAT Daur - 6 F Scholar Exeter-DEV 1844
Ann WINDEAT Daur - 2 F --- Exeter-DEV 1848
Emma* WINDEAT Daur - 1m F --- Exeter-DEV 1851

*Baby Emma is the Emma READ recorded on the gravestone above.


1861

Living in Paris Street, St. Sidwell's in the same house as three other families and two single lodgers and one married couple of lodgers!  It must have been very crowded!  The two older boys have moved on, baby Ann has died and four more children have been born.

Name Relationship Mar Age Sex Occupation Birthplace DOB?
William WINDEAT Head M 44 M Porter (at Penitentiary) Horrabridge-DEV 1816
Selina WINDEAT Wife M 42 F - Sandford Spiney* 1818
Selina WINDEAT Daur U 16 F Dressmaker Exeter,Devon 1844
Emma WINDEAT Daur - 10 F Scholar Exeter, Devon 1851
Mary A WINDEAT Daur - 8 F Scholar Exeter, Devon 1852
Elizabeth WINDEAT Daur - 6 F Scholar Exeter, Devon 1854
Ellen S Dau - 3 F   Exeter, Devon 1857
Louisa WINDEAT Daur - 1 F   Exeter, Devon 1859

*Selina's birthplace:  Sampford Spiney was where William himself was christened.  Selina was almost certainly from Exeter.  Perhaps the census enumerator asked for a clarification of Horrabridge (it was where William was born but he was christened in the relevant parish church in Sampford Spiney) and then got muddled up about where to put it.


1871

Living at no. 4 Holloway Buildings with a self-contained household to themselves at last!  However, there are also numbers 1, 2, and 3 Holloway Buildings.  The next house along though is "The Refuge" and inhabited by a matron and assistant matron and five female "refugees" (all from Devon) and aged between 15 and 18.   The next building after that is the Penitentiary so it looks as though William has got this accommodation through his job.

Emma has now left home and must be working elsewhere and Henry, the final child, has now made his appearance.

Name Relationship Mar Age Sex Occupation Birthplace DOB?
William WINDEAT Head M 54 M Porter (at Female Penitentiary) Horrabridge, Devon 1816
Selina WINDEAT Wife M 52 F - Exeter, Devon 1818
Selina WINDEAT Daur U 26 F Dressmaker Exeter,Devon 1844
Elizabeth WINDEAT Daur U 17 F Servant (Domestic) Exeter, Devon 1851
Ellen WINDEATT Daur - 13 F Scholar Exeter, Devon 1857
Louisa WINDEATT Daur - 11 F Scholar Exeter, Devon 1859
Henry WINDEATT Son - 9 M Scholar Exeter, Devon 1861
Margaret WINDEATT* Granddaur.   3 F   Lancashire, Prestwich 1867

*Granddaughter Margaret: This is the daughter of John, their second son, who had married Margaret SCANLON in Manchester.  John's wife, Margaret, died a few days after her daughter birth leaving her baby daughter, also called Margaret, motherless.


1881

Living at Penitentiary Court, Exeter Holy Trinity, Devon.

Name Relationship Mar Age Sex Occupation Birthplace DOB?
William WINDEAT Head M 65 M Porter at Penitentiary Horrabridge, Devon 1816
Selina WINDEAT Wife M 63 F Wife Exeter, Devon 1818
Henry WINDEATT Son U 19 M Solicitor's Clerk Exeter, Devon 1861

The seventies was the decade when lots of the girls got married to now all the children, except for the youngest, Henry, have now left home.  Henry is doing quite well - a lower-middle class future beckons instead of the manual ones hitherto followed by his relatives.  It may have been a relative of his mother's who gave him this opportunity.


1891

Unfortunately neither William nor Selina quite made it to the 1891 census William died in 1890 and Selina died a couple of months before the census in February 1891.  They had, by this time, moved up to the Manchester area - presumably to be near other members of the family.


Burial & Death

Selina's last few years must have been very sad because her eldest child, William Robert, died in 1887, her husband died in January 1890 and her second eldest son, John, died just a few weeks later in February 1890.  They say the death of an adult child is very hard to bear but fortunately her only other son, Henry, survived her, lived nearby and paid for her and William's burial plot.

Tombstone transcription

In Loving Memory of
WILLIAM P.G. WINDEATT,
Died Jan. 5th 1890, aged 73 years
Also SELINA, wife of the above
Died Feb. 25th 1891, aged 71 years
Also EMMA, beloved wife of
CHRISTOPHER READ
Died April 4th 1906 aged 55 years
Also CHRISTOPHER,
Husband of above
Died Dec. 27th 1928, aged 77 years
Also Louisa READ
Died May 2nd 1895, in her 3rd year.

This grave (3rd class, Plot 7, No. 1355) was bought on January 7th, 1890 by Henry WINDEATT of Vere Street, Salford.  He was William and Selina's youngest son.

Click on the picture for a close-up!

Plot F1366, Weaste Cemetary, Salford. Photo kindly provided by a fellow researcher.

Burials Recorded
Register No Date of Interment Name Age
136141 Jan 10 1890 William P.G. Windeatt 74
142440 Mch 2 1891 Selina Windeatt 71
167581 May 7 1896 Louisa Read 2
212567 Apr 9 1906 Emma Read 55
280445 Jan 2 1929 Christopher Read 77

Death in the Sub-district of Regent Road in the County of Salford, 1890

When & Where Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of Death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
5th January 1890, 21 Vere Street, USD William Philip Greenway  WINDEATT Male 74 years Formerly Porter at the Devon and Exeter Institution Apoplexy 3 days
Certified by A A Mitchell M.D.
Henry WINDEATT, Son present at the Death
21 Vere Street, Salford.
6/January/1890

Death in the Sub-district of Ancoats in the County of Manchester - 1891

When & Where Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of Death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
25th February 1891, 26 Henry Street, USD Selina  WINDEATT Female 71 years Widow of William Greenaway WINDEATT - General Laborer Hemiplegia 10 days
Exhaustion
Certified by A Robr. Paton M.R.C.S.
Mary A. PREECE, Daughter
Present at the Death
Upton Workhouse, Upton on Severn Worcestershire.
Twenty-sixth February 1891

 

 

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